Effective Ways to Transport Goods
There are several ways to carry items from one place to another. You can carry items by hand. You can place the item in a bag and carry it over the shoulder. If the items are too large, mechanical transportation is required. This includes cranes and forklifts.
If the distance is far, cars, buses, and trucks are required to transport the item. If the item needs to be transported across the country or to another continent, planes and ships are required. The history of freight and cargo began with animals. You might see a goat cart for sale in regions that still rely on animal transportation.
Pack Animals Transport Cargo and Pull Carriages
Camels, goats, yaks, llamas, water buffalo, horses, and donkeys are pack animals. They carry loads on their back. A camel can carry up to 300 kilograms. Yaks can carry up to 390 kilograms for short periods of time. The weakest yaks can only carry 75 kilograms. Reindeer can carry up to 40 kilograms in the mountains. With this type of hauling power, it’s unlikely that you will find a goat cart for sale.
During the Middle Ages, horses were used throughout Europe for transportation. People rode horses or were pulled in carriages. Mule trains were used to haul cargo over large distances. It wouldn’t have been uncommon to see goat carts for sale either.
Pack animals are often outfitted with saddles or saddlebags. Today, they are used in the tourism industry of countries with mountainous regions. Tourists can embark on expeditions and go backpacking with animals. You might see a goat cart for sale when you travel to these regions. Special forces soldiers use pack animals in their missions as well.
Transporting Goods Overseas
When animals reached their limit at the seas, barges and ships took over. Afterall, a goat cart for sale isn’t the answer to transatlantic transportation. One of the earliest seaports was established in Piraeus, Greece. It is located on the east coast of the Saronic Gulf. About 20 million passengers travel through the port each year. It handles roughly 1.4 million TEUs, making it the top container port in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Piraeus was a strategic port in ancient times. In 483 BC, the Athenian Fleet was transferred to Piraeus. In 480 BC, the Athenian Fleet defeated the Persians in the battle of Salamis. Piraeus became a naval base afterward.
Trains Ship Cargo Across the Country on Rails
Cargo containers off-loaded from ships are usually loaded onto trains. Trains are also used to transport raw materials from quarries such as cement, grains, steel, coal, and wood. If the factories or warehouses aren’t near the freight station, the materials are transported to the freight station on trucks and then loaded onto trains.
There are many types of cargo containers for trains including well-wagons, gondolas, tankers, refrigerator cars, box cars, and flat cars. Freight trains carry millions of tons of cargo everyday. The average heavy-duty freight train carries tens of thousands of tons of ore. That’s a lot more than the average goat cart on sale. The Daqin Railway in China transports more than 1 million tons of coal per day.
Airports and Airplanes Carry Cargo 24/7
Airplanes take off from airports 24 hours a day. Lots of these planes are cargo planes. They carry mail, packages, and goods. The first flight carrying mail took off in 1911. Some of the common aircrafts used to transport cargo include the Boeing 747 and the An-124. These planes utilize unit load devices, which are specialized cargo containers that are easy to load.