What Makes Goats Unique
Goats are unusual animals. There are about 300 distinct breeds. Some are used for meat and dairy production, while others are bred for their hair. Goats are also used to clear fields of weeds.
Goats Have a Great History
The earliest record of goat domestication originates with neolithic farmers. The domesticated goat was bred from the wild Bezoar ibex, which is found in the Zagros Mountains. The dung of wild goats was used as fuel by early farmers. The bones and hair were used to make clothes and tools. The remains of the earliest goats is nearly 10,000 years old. The hide of goats were used to make wine bottles and water bottles.
Goats are Genetic Freaks of Nature
Most goats have two horns, four-chambered stomachs, and horizontally slit pupils. Some goats may be born without horns, while other goats with genetic mutations may have up to eight horns. Goats assigned to dairy production are usually polled (horn removal) to avoid injuries to farmers.
Both male and female goats have beards. Goats are usually distinguished from sheep by their tail. Goat tails are short and point up most of the time. Sheep tails are longer and usually hang down.
Goats Will Sample Anything
Unlike cattle and sheep, goats will taste different types of food to see whether it is edible. This includes tin cans and cardboard boxes. Goats eat vines, shrubs, and weeds. They eat fermented hay as well including silage and haylage. Alfalfa is also fed to goats, along with fescue.
Goats Have the Ability to Defy Logic
Goats are agile and like to headbutt each other. They also perch themselves on cliff sides. If they are confined to a pen, they may escape suddenly. Goats are known to expose weaknesses in fences. While grazing with other goats, they will spread out and find their own area to graze. If there’s an unknown animal or human nearby, the goat will react by turning and facing it. They may also charge and headbutt.
Goats Have A Lot to Offer to Mankind
Goats have meat, milk, hair, hide, manure, horns, and intestines. The intestines are used to make catgut, which has a few applications. Catgut is used to make surgical sutures and strings for musical instrument. The horn is used to make spoons. Goat meat is eaten and people drink goat milk. The hair is used to make clothing.
In a comparison of goat vs lamb meat, goat has the advantage. It is the healthier meat. It has less cholesterol and less fat than the average red meat. Most people that compare goat vs lamb meat discover that goat meat isn’t as popular as lamb meat. In fact, an analysis of lamb meat vs goat meat sales reveals that more lamb is sold than goat in the U.S. A comparison of goat vs lamb meat also reveals that goat meat has a stronger taste. More care is required to prepare goat vs lamb meat. Goat meat is usually slow cooked to retain moisture. On this point, lamb meat has the advantage. Less care is required to make lamb meat vs goat meat.
Goats can be used to clear land as well. Some farmers use them to remove weeds. Goats are able to remove weeds from tea farms without damaging the tea leaves. This is a talent which no other animal has.